What is your first impression upon seeing all these carburetors in a row? Sheer terror or wondering why they would do something that crazy? A few of us actually must have them. When the carburetors are set up properly, the feeling of an additional four barrels opening is exhilarating. The acceleration rate is similar in a Corvette with a supercharger or nitrous.
The trick is keeping clean fuel in three carburetors on a vehicle that is rarely driven. Depending on the length of time between run intervals, fuel tends to evaporate. In some climates, light solvents will distill out, leaving a gooey mess. Water condenses in empty or low tanks, so check before adding any fuel.
All tri-power cars have tanks that allow visual inspection of fuel quality. Before you start any tuning or troubleshooting, make sure the fuel is still volatile; it shouldn’t smell like varnish. Check for water at the bottom of the tank with a flashlight. You can usually see water as the car is pushed side to side. Water puddles in the tank ribs and looks like bubbles moving across the bottom.
While checking the tank, inspect the strainer (CC# 362209) pushed onto the fuel-sending unit’s 3/8 suction tube. If you have an original strainer, it is most likely disintegrating and dispersing particles through the fuel system, filling the filter with junk. Be sure to inspect your gas tank meter gasket too (CC# 362207).
Installing a 3/8 in-line fuel filter before the fuel pump is a great idea. Fuel pump check valves don’t like debris passing through them. The check valves will hang open and the fuel pump will stop working. Since the top of the Corvette fuel tank is the same level as the carburetor the engine will run decent at low speed and idle even when the fuel pump is not working.
It’s a good idea to add octane additives (CC# 351094) for better performance and low speed throttle response. If you have an original engine with soft valve seats, you should also use a lead additive. It’s common to find excessive fuel in the crankcase, so check the oil for fuel loading. Oil dilution will wash the rings of lubrication and cause extreme wear that’s dangerous. Holding a match to the dipstick after pulling it out will tell the tale. If the match lights the oil, fuel dilution is excessive.
Trying to avoid fuel leaks with all the lines and fittings can cause severe anxiety. We apply Teflon tape to the lines at the fitting area. This allows tightening the fittings against the lines with minimal line movement. Care must be taken to keep the Teflon tape out of the carburetor. Don’t put any tape on the seat portion of the line at all.
While checking fuel and oil condition, check the hoses. Fuel hoses dry out and crack, eventually causing leaks. Hoses can also crack internally to allow rubber particles to course throughout the system. Rubber particles cause erratic carburetor fuel bowl levels and unexplained flooding. These particles stick to the needle and seat, allowing fuel to flow uncontrolled into the bowl.
With the engine running the fuel level at each carburetor should be adjusted. Remove the fuel level sight plug and rock the car to see if any fuel spills out. Fuel should be at the bottom of the sight plug threads. It’s a good idea to have a rag under the carburetor bowl to soak up the excessive fuel. If the fuel runs out immediately the float level is too high. Be careful when adjusting the float level because fuel will spray out of the adjuster nut and screw.
The next step is to ensure correct fuel pressure before condemning the carburetor or adjustments. Low fuel pressure causes hesitation and “sag” under acceleration. It is most noticeable in high gear under heavy loads. High fuel pressure can occur if the fuel return line is crimped or full of debris. Carburetor flooding and uncontrollable, overly-rich fuel conditions will result.
With the engine idling there should be no fuel visible in the venturi booster area. Carburetor idle circuit fuel is metered to the engine below the throttle plates. If you see any white smoke billowing out of the carburetor with the engine off there is an internal fuel leak.
It’s common to find incorrect hoses at the fuel pump. Use only the O.E. style hoses (CC# 352353) to avoid fuel hose crimping. The close proximity of the lines to the pump will not allow universal fuel hose usage.
If you find an internal fuel leak on the outer carburetors check the metering plate for warping. We’ve found many warped metering plates along with corroded carburetor main bodies due to water in the fuel supply. If the carburetor main body has corrosion it most likely will require replacement.
Many cars exhibit poor running conditions because the fuel filter (CC# 351293) is full of debris. Although it is often last checked, it is one of the easiest. You would be surprised how many particles will pass through the O.E. fuel filter. Tap on the fuel inlet side of the filter to see how many particles come out. If you find a lot of debris coming out of the filter, it is a good idea to find the source.
Lay a straight edge across the metering plate. If the plate allows you to slide a .005 feeler gauge between the plate and straight edge you’ve got problems. In some cases the metering plate can be filed flat. Consider a replacement metering plate if the warping is severe.
Here are a few tips that pertain to all Holley carburetors. Finding the fuel/air mixture needles adjusted correctly is rare. The needles are always adjusted too many turns counterclockwise (too rich). Usually, one to two turns of the needles out from their seat is the maximum number necessary. There is a balancing act between idle speed and fuel mixture; in most cases the fuel mixture and idle require small adjustments to obtain the correct setting.
Once the engine idle speed is below 1,000 RPM the fuel/air mixture needles can be adjusted. Turning the needles clockwise should slow the engine down and shut the engine off. An internal fuel leak is occurring if turning the needles into their seat doesn’t shut the engine off. Turning the needles counter-clockwise richens the idle mixture. The needles should be turned in until the engine speed drops, and then backed out slightly.
Adjusting the fuel mixture needles too rich causes excessive fuel consumption and lazy low speed performance. Spark plugs are fuel-fouled from all that extra fuel. Adjusting the fuel mixture needles lean causes stalling and rough idle. Keep in mind, the 435 horsepower cam is not going to idle smooth but it should have a rolling idle.
Once the idle speed is adjusted the throttle linkage should be adjusted so that the throttle plates are fully closed at the outer carburetors. The throttle should be opened fully and closed with the engine off to make sure the linkage doesn’t bind.
To sum things up, we need clean, volatile fuel and adequate fuel pressure before making any adjustments. If the carburetor is working correctly, worst case scenario would be to start all over by turning the fuel mixture screws into their seat and then backing them out two turns and readjusting. Remember to make small changes and see what changes occur. Record the adjustments in case you need to refer to them later.
- 152206 … 3×2 Carburetor Gasket Set
- 352063 … 3×2 Carburetor Gasket (Base to Intake)
- 352148/352085 … Carburetor Rebuild Kits
- 352135/353076 … 3×2 Carburetor Linkage
3×2 Tri-Power Corvette Carburetor/Intake Manifold Part Number & Applications
|ALUMINUM INTAKE MANIFOLDS|
|400 hp 427 engine||3894382|
|435 hp 427 engine||3894374|
|early 400 hp 427 engine||3919850|
|late 400 hp 427 engine||3937795|
|early 435 hp 427 engine||3919852|
|late 435 hp 427 engine||3937797|
|400 hp 427 engine||3937795|
|435 hp 427 engine||3937797|
|435 hp & ZL1 427 engine||3933198|
Story and photos courtesy Chris Petris